Industry 4.0 or the “fourth industrial revolution” is in full swing, more and more companies wish to integrate digital into their professional environment. This technological advance would make it possible to optimize the production of factories but also to have control over the quality of production. In addition to these advances, Industry 4.0 could help in the fight against global warming. In particular, it would reduce companies' greenhouse gas emissions by nearly 20% according to a survey of the Global e-Sustainability Initiative.
In recent years, technological innovations have continued to increase. Between IoT *, augmented reality, 3D printing and robotics, new technologies are helping the development of the industrial sector.
Digital is revolutionizing the industrial sector, on the one hand by creating smarter and more efficient production and on the other hand by improving the quality control of parts.
What are the new technologies applicable to the industrial sector:
3d printing or additive manufacturing makes it possible (among other things) to reduce the weight of certain manufactured parts as well as their production cost. The evolution of this technology now allows the treatment of new materials such as caoutchouc.
Did you know ? It was on July 16, 1984 that the first patent on 1D printing (called "additive manufacturing") was filed. The depositaries are French: Jean-Claude André, Olivier de Witte, and Alain le Méhauté on behalf of the company CILAS ALCATEL. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impression_3D
The robotics is also at the service of industry. For example, it offers robots for inspecting industrial sites and detecting anomalies, as well as numerous machines helping to improve production precision as well as preventive maintenance.
“46% of companies are already equipped with a robotic solution” - Source: Capgemini Consulting
IoT (internet of things) has made it possible, in particular, thanks to connected objects to collect data in order to feed the data. For example, sensors making it possible to recover different types of data (geolocation, temperature, humidity, movement, etc.) have been created by many companies. These advances allow better data analysis in order to predict incidents, improve working conditions and optimize preventive maintenance *.
Artificial intelligence has also enabled many advances. For example, the implementation of planning tools or even automated order preparation systems to meet customer needs as quickly as possible. This technology implanted in the heart of factories, called futuristic factories or smart factories, gives companies the possibility of exploiting the data collected by the IoT and managing data management *.
La augmented reality as for it is widely used in the industrial sector, it makes possible the distance learning or the safe maintenance allowing the operator to avoid dangerous situations (chemicals, electricity, etc.)
Le Data management is also proven in the industrial field, large volumes of data are collected and allow to improve the performances of the companies. Computerized data management increases the speed of data exchange, but also the collection of information that can be useful such as the arrival of a failure.
“Nearly 80% of French leaders in the industrial sector believe that data analytics * will be an integral part of their decision-making processes by 2020 and only 17% feel mature on the subject of data analytics. (source pwc) "
Where are we today ?
Thanks to innovations, the digitalization of industrial companies is possible and allows a reduction in error margins, performance gains as well as numerous financial benefits.
Despite the fact that more and more technologies are adapting to the industrial sector, their implementation is proving to be a major technical challenge.
As our minister mentioned Agnes Pannier-Runacher “Faced with the challenges of growth, employment and the location of industrial production in our territories, we have no time to hesitate because the rest of the world is not waiting for us. "
Finally, in a context where companies are increasingly automated, assisted or monitored, the very nature of human work is changing. Despite the increasing autonomy of machines, the role of the latter (particularly in maintenance and programming of the latter) remains important. But what about tomorrow? What will be the place of humans in Industry 4.0?
IoT : (internet of things) internet of things
Preventive maintenance : consists of working regularly on the equipment in order to reduce the risk of breakdowns.
Data management : data management
Data Analytics : data analysis