🧐 L'évolution de la machine-outil

From ancient pottery wheels to machining centers today, since 3500 BC. JC them machine tools have continued to evolve!

From 3500 BC. JC activities such as pottery and weaving are developing more and more. The first machine tools were therefore created: potter's lathes, then later wooden lathes and many other inventions aimed at facilitating the work of artisans.

 

Potter's wheel
Photo credit : Sarreguemines Museums
wooden tower

Photo credit : https://www.artisanat.ch/reportages/792-le-tournage-sur-bois.html

 

 

 

Later in the story, at 16st century Leonardo da Vinci will perfect them so that they are more efficient.

In 1760 Verbruggen built a machine allowing to bore the cannons.

Thereafter Jacques de Vaucanson, a French inventor and mechanic, thanks to an automation system, creates an automatic loom as well as the first drill, an element that has become essential for machine tools.  

Around 1775, the Scottish mechanic James Watt built steam engines using the concept of Thomas newcomen (1712). Steam engines then become the key point of Industrial Revolution.steam engine

Photo credit : http://visite.artsetmetiers.free.fr/watt.html

After 1830, machines with steam engines spread more and more and were transformed into industrial machines.

At the end of the XNUMXth century, the steam engine was replaced by the electric motor, electricity invented by Thomas Edison revolutionizes the way machine tools work. This advance allows a reduction in accidents and energy consumption.

electric-motor

Photo credit : http://histoires-de-sciences.over-blog.fr/article-histoire-de-l-electricite-quand-faraday-64942395.html

 

Following this great development, since 1970 the arrival of numerical control machines has only increased. More precise machines only requiring the technician to program them, allow autonomy that encourages reflection.

Will the machine replace man one day?

Today machine tools are constantly evolving, between IOT and artificial intelligence, machines are improving. 4.0 technologies allow a Preventive maintenance as well as optimum efficiency and productivity.

 

Source of information :

https://fr.wikipedia.org/

https://www.amoutils.com/histoire-machines-outils/

https://philippejamet.pagesperso-orange.fr/prod/theme2/machine.htm